Scenic USA - Montana

Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument

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Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument - Montana

Photo by Jim Stiles
Jim Stiles Photography

     More than a 125 years have passed since the Great Sioux War and President Grantís attempt to control nomadic Native Americans who roamed throughout the Yellowstone and Powder river valleys. In 1991, President George Bush signed into law a change in name for the Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, no longer focusing complete attention on Lt. Col. George A. Custer and his troops. Today, the park encourages peace among all races with a theme of peace through unity. The Indian Memorial at this national monument is contained in a circular earthwork not far from the 7th Calvary Monument.
     One of Americaís most famous battles of the Plains Wars recalls Custerís poorly planned advancement into a huge camp of Cheyenne, Lakota (Sioux) and Arapahoe. Often recounted as Custerís Last Stand, the 7th Cavalry encountered at least 1,500 warriors. Custer and all 262 soldiers were killed, sending a shock wave throughout America. This surprising coup along the Little Bighorn River convinced U.S. Government troops to be more cautious. The military followed and harassed the Lakota for five more years, finally forcing most of the remaining Indians onto a reservation. Sporadic resistance continued until the 20th Century, when brutal tactics eventually sapped the Native Americanís will.

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